What was shut down in the government shutdown

what was shut down in the government shutdown

Government shutdowns in the United States

The government shut down twice: Nov. 13 to Nov. 19, , and Dec. 15, , to Jan. 6, ? ? In the first shutdown, , federal employees were furloughed. During the second shutdown, , federal employees were furloughed ? ?. In the second shutdown, fewer workers were furloughed because Congress had passed some appropriations bills. Dec 24, United States federal government shutdown. Not to be confused with January United States federal government shutdown. The United States federal government shutdown of occurred from midnight EST on December 22, , until January 25, (35 days). It was the longest U.S. government shutdown in history and the second federal government shutdown .

Government shutdowns occur when the government refuses passage of key bills, resulting in the cessation of some or all shutddown by the government. Government shutdowns in the United States have occurred periodically sinceand are the result of failure to pass appropriations bills before the previous ones expire.

Shutdowns of the type experienced by the United States are nearly impossible in other forms of government. The most recent shutdown happened in December Until the passage of the Fixed-Term Parliaments Act ingovernment shutdowns in the United Kingdom were impossible due to parliamentary convention.

A government which could not command a majority in Parliament would be dismissed, either prior to the seating of Parliament when the Queen's Speech was voted down or later, when a vote of no confidence was tabled and passed, when a Finance Act was voted down, or when a major bill was voted down.

The Fixed-term Parliaments Act, however, abolished these conventions, ensuring that the only way to call new elections was either for the explicit passage of a vote of no confidence or a two-thirds majority in the House of Commons calling for a new election. This has led to speculation that a government shutdown is now possible, with the government holding the House standing through tabled Votes of No Confidence but failing to pass legislation due to internal fighting or the breakdown of a coalition.

An American-style shutdown was also considered to be on the table in the context shitdown Brexitas some MP's waz an amendment to "starve the government of cash" and create a "Donald Trump-style shutdown" in the event of a no-deal Shit.

In January the Assembly of Northern Ireland a power-sharing agreement collapsed, [8] jn [10] [11] resulting in the national parliament being unable to pass bills, including critical spending bills.

In December, this ongoing event almost resulted in an American-style shutdown, with regional civil services set to run out of money within days, but such a shutdown was averted when the British Government stepped in to keep local services funded. Government shutdowns, in United States politicsrefer suhtdown a funding gap period that causes a full or partial shutdown of federal government operations and agencies.

They are caused when there is a failure to pass a funding legislation to governmejt the government for its next fiscal year or a temporary funding measure. As of 14 Aprilsince the enactment of the US what was shut down in the government shutdown current budget and appropriations process inthere have been a total of 22 funding gaps in the federal budget, of which 10 of these have led to federal employees being furloughed.

Prior tofunding gaps did not lead to government shutdowns, until Attorney General Benjamin Civiletti issued a legal opinion requiring the government be shut down when a funding gap occurs. Some of the most significant shutdowns in U.

Shutdowns cause the disruption of government services and programs, including the sbutdown of national parks and institutions in particular, due to shortages of federal employees. A major loss of government revenue what are forceps used for in science from lost labor from furloughed employees who are still paid, as well as loss of fees that would have been paid during the shutdown.

Shutdowns also gofernment a significant reduction in economic growth depending on the length of the shutdown. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The examples and perspective in this United States may not represent a worldwide view of the subject. You fovernment improve this United Statesdiscuss the issue on the talk pageor create a new United States, as appropriate.

September Learn how and when to remove this template message. This article is about curtailment of government services. For failure to form a government in a parliamentary system, see Government formation. Main article: Government shutdowns in the United States. BBC News. Archived from the original on 3 October Retrieved 4 October Retrieved 22 January Govvernment Statesman. The Conversation. Doown 31 January The Sunday Times.

Sky News. Retrieved 1 February The Economist. The Independent. The Telegraph. Shutxown Post. NBC News. Archived from the original on 1 October Retrieved 1 October how to adjust valve clearance on honda motorcycle The New York Times.

ISSN Retrieved 26 January Archived from the original on 22 December Retrieved 22 December ABC News. Archived from the original on 12 September Retrieved 18 September Hidden categories: Articles with limited geographic scope from September Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read Yovernment View history. Help Learn to edit Community governmennt Recent changes Upload file. Download as PDF Printable version. Bahasa Melayu Edit links.

Thank you for registering to HistoryExtra

Feb 11, Over Christmas and new year 96, the Federal government was shut down for 21 days. Clinton conceded to multiple demands from the Republican congress, yet polls at the time suggested that Gingrich had overplayed his hand, and Clinton was re-elected the following November.

The United States federal government shutdown of occurred from midnight EST on December 22, , until January 25, 35 days. It was the longest U. It occurred when the th United States Congress and President Donald Trump could not agree on an appropriations bill to fund the operations of the federal government for the fiscal year , or a temporary continuing resolution that would extend the deadline for passing a bill.

The Antideficiency Act prohibits federal departments or agencies from conducting non-essential operations without appropriations legislation in place. As a result, nine executive departments with around , employees had to shut down partially or in full, affecting about one-fourth of government activities and causing employees to be furloughed or required to work without being paid. After Trump faced heavy criticism from some right-wing media outlets and pundits for appearing to back down on his campaign promise to "build the wall" , he announced that he would not sign any appropriations bill that did not fund its construction.

As a result, the House passed a stopgap bill with funding for the wall, but it was blocked in the Senate by the threat of a Democratic filibuster. In January , representatives elected in the November election took office, giving the Democrats a majority in the House of Representatives. The House immediately voted to approve the appropriations bill that had previously passed the Senate unanimously which included no funding for the wall.

For several weeks, Trump continued to maintain that he would veto any bill that did not fund an entire border wall, and Republican Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell blocked the Senate from considering any appropriations legislation that Trump would not support, including the bill that had previously passed.

On January 25, , Trump agreed to endorse a stopgap bill to reopen the government for three weeks up until February 15 to allow for negotiations to take place to approve an appropriations bill that both parties could agree on. Trump's approval rating decreased during the shutdown. On February 15, , Trump declared a national emergency in order to fund the wall and bypass the United States Congress , after being unsatisfied with a bipartisan border bill that had passed the House of Representatives and the Senate a day before.

During his campaign , then-candidate Trump promised to build a wall along the MexicoUnited States border for which Mexico would pay. On December 25, , Trump reversed course, suggesting that he might accept to miles to km of either mostly refurbished barrier rather than new barriers in locations that did not previously have them by November In September , Congress passed two " minibus " appropriations bills for the United States federal budget , which began on October 1, We believe that is the right way to go.

They refused, resulting in an argument between Trump and both Congressional leaders. During the contentious discussion, Trump remarked, "I am proud to shut down the government for border security I will be the one to shut [the government] down.

I'm not going to blame you for it I will take the mantle. I will be the one to shut it down. Three days later, Politico reported that Trump was willing to sign a bill with no funding for a border wall that delayed a government shutdown into and the new Congress. Senate Appropriations Committee Chairman Richard Shelby commented that the most likely resolution was a bill that funded the government until early February. Schumer added that his caucus would "very seriously" consider such a bill and Senate Majority Whip John Cornyn said "I don't know anybody on the Hill that wants a shutdown, and I think all the president's advisers are telling him this would not be good.

On December 19, the Senate passed a second continuing resolution H. Pelosi announced that House Democrats would support the measure, meaning it would overcome opposition from conservative Republicans and pass the House. The shutdown started December 22 [40] and Trump announced that he would cancel his planned trip to Mar-a-Lago for Christmas and stay in Washington, D.

Congress adjourned on December 22 for the Christmas and holiday season , with many predicting that the shutdown would not be resolved until the start of the th Congress. Representative Jim McGovern D-MA went to the House floor to try to force consideration of a short-term funding bill to end the shutdown that the Senate had already passed, but the Republican Speaker-pro-tem refused to let him speak.

Congress then adjourned again until December 31, , for a pro forma session. The new Congress was sworn in on January 3, , and one of the first orders of business in the House after electing the Speaker and swearing in the new members was a continuing resolution to fund the Department of Homeland Security until February 8 H.

Beginning on January 9, the Democratic-controlled House voted on four appropriations bills individually:. This strategy has been compared to one used by Republicans during the shutdown in the form of a series of fourteen mini-continuing resolutions. Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell vowed that the Senate would not consider the House bills to reopen the government, indicating that Senate Republicans would not support any bill unless it had Trump's support.

Senators Collins and Gardner said they supported the House's budget bills to end the shutdown. On January 16, McConnell again blocked the House appropriation bills to reopen the government from being considered on the Senate floor.

On January 22, McConnell stated that the Senate would be voting on two different bills to end the shutdown on January On January 22, Senator Mark Warner introduced a bill to keep the federal government running in the event of future shutdown events.

On January 24, the Senate held two votes on competing Democratic and Republican proposals to end the shutdown. The Democratic proposal was largely similar to the measure that had previously passed the Senate unanimously in the th Congress, and then been passed by the Democratic-controlled House in the th Congress. It provided funding for the government with no money for the border wall. The Republican proposal incorporated Trump's proposal, which would fund a border wall; temporarily extend TPS and DACA for three years, but would substantially narrow eligibility for DACA; and make significant legal changes to make it more difficult for persons escaping violence and persecution to be granted asylum in the United States.

Neither proposal was able to attain the 60 votes needed for passage. The Democratic plan failed in a 5244 vote. Most Republicans voted for Trump's plan and against the Democratic plan. Most Democrats voted for the Democratic plan and against Trump's plan. Republicans Tom Cotton and Mike Lee voted against both plans. Republican Richard Burr voted for Trump's plan and did not vote on the Democratic plan.

On January 4, after the new Congress was sworn-in and Pelosi regained the speakership, she and Schumer, as well as congressional Republican leadership met with Trump at the White House. They said that Trump threatened to "keep the government closed for a very long period of time. Months or even years. Trump addressed the nation from the Oval Office at 9 p. EST on January 8 , in a nationally televised address broadcast on both network and cable television. Trump met with congressional leadership again on January 9, in a meeting lasting 14 minutes.

Pelosi described Trump as "un-presidential"; accused him of "exploiting this situation in a way that enhances his power"; and said: "I don't think he really wants a solution. I think he loves the distraction. After Trump walked out of the January 9 meeting with congressional Democratic leaders, no further negotiations were conducted.

They discussed agreeing to Trump's demand for border wall funding and offering the Democrats help for Dreamers , refugee protections and extensions to H-2B visas. Graham suggested that if Trump and congressional Democrats did not come to an agreement at that time, Trump could declare a national emergency.

Trump rejected this proposal the next day. In addition to funding a border wall, the 1,page Republican bill released after Trump made his proposal would make major changes to U.

Democrats rejected Trump's proposal. In a speech on the Senate floor, Minority Leader Chuck Schumer said: "The president's proposal is one-sided, harshly partisan and was made in bad faith. The asylum changes are a poison pill , if there ever was one.

Conversely, Republicans reacted positively to Trump's proposal, and Mitch McConnell said he would bring it to a vote in the Senate. During the shutdown, on January 8 in a press conference, a reporter asked Trump if he was considering declaring a national emergency , to which Trump replied, "I have the absolute right to do national emergency if I want" and suggested that he could declare an emergency.

Army Corps of Engineers to look into this possibility. An attempt by Trump to invoke emergency powers would almost certainly have prompted a lengthy legal challenge in court. On January 11, Trumpwhile maintaining he has the authority to do so anytimesaid he was not in any rush to declare a national emergency to secure wall funding, saying he would rather see Congress "do its job" and that the Democrats "should come back and vote.

On January 16, Pelosi sent a letter to Trump that indicated the House would be unavailable for the State of the Union Address that was scheduled for January Pelosi wrote, "Sadly, given the security concerns and unless government reopens this week, I suggest that we work together to determine another suitable date after government has reopened for this address or for you to consider delivering your State of the Union address in writing to the Congress on Jan.

Trump replied, "We will reschedule this seven-day excursion when the shutdown is over. On January 23, Trump sent a letter to Pelosi insisting that there were no security concerns and that he would hold the State of the Union Address as scheduled. Trump wrote, "Therefore, I will be honoring your invitation, and fulfilling my Constitutional duty, to deliver important information to the people and Congress of the United States of America regarding the State of our Union.

Trump later stated he would look for an alternative, but then retracted that statement in a pair of tweets announcing that he would wait until the end of the shutdown to give the address in the House Chamber.

On January 25, Trump announced his support for a three-week funding measure that would reopen the government until February The deal, which also moved forward with long-term Department of Homeland Security funding, did not include funds for a wall. Later in January, Republican senators voted unanimously against a bill to provide back pay to federal contractors.

Without legislation enacted by February 15, a new partial shutdown would have begun, three weeks after the last ended. On February 15, at the White House Rose Garden , Trump announced that he had signed the spending bill to keep the government open.

Agencies funded by two "minibus" appropriations bills passed in September were not affected by the shutdown. Jobs affected included staff throughout the United States, not just DC area employees. On January 11, , workers for agencies shutdown or furloughed missed their first paycheck. The shutdown affected the employees' entitlement to paid holidays due to the shutdown. Only non-reporting workers were eligible for assistance, whereas furloughed workers who still reported to work were not.

Workers who received unemployment assistance were required pay it back after the shut down ended and they received backpay.

However, external employment must meet agency-specific ethics guidelines, and mandatory reviews of external employment were also curtailed as most ethics officials were also furloughed. In many cases unused leave over a certain threshold expired at year-end, but employees who had leave scheduled in advance of the shutdown did not have "use or lose" leave balances deducted from their accrued leave. As furloughed federal workers and their families shared stories of their hardships, such as not being able to meet rent or mortgage payments and missed bills, the hashtag " ShutdownStories" went viral on social media.

One read, in part, "I am a Federal employee who has recently been furloughed due to a lack of funding of my agency. Because of this, my income has been severely cut and I am unable to pay the entire cost of my mortgage, along with my other expenses. The OPM also suggested that employees who had landlords write: "I would like to discuss with you the possibility of trading my services to perform maintenance e.

White House press secretary Sarah Sanders said the pending pay raise was an "unnecessary byproduct of the shutdown. On January 10, the Senate approved by unanimous consent a bill S. Native American tribes were not paid for treaties negotiated with the United States government. This caused people of the Navajo Nation to become trapped inside their homes. Native American communities had a high percentage of individuals who worked for the federal government and lost income during the shutdown.

0 Replies to “What was shut down in the government shutdown”

Add a comment

Your email will not be published. Required fields are marked*