What languages did sacagawea speak and understand

Sacagawea, the Shoshone woman who played a crucial role in the Lewis and Clark expedition, was brought along on the trip as a translation partner with her husband, Toussaint Charbonneau. Her. Apparenlty Sacagawea spoke two languages, Shoshone which was her mother tongue and Hidatsa, the language she had learned from the tribe that took her captive when she was around Her French-born husband, Charbonneau and Sacagawea spoke Hidatsa.

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Sacagawea was one of many translators that accompanied the expedition. When Lewis and Clark needed translation, it wasn't a matter of one person communicating between the two groups. Sacagawea could speak her native Shoshone dialect and the dialect of the Hidatsa tribe she was living in when the expedition arrived. There were two other translators with the Expedition, George Drouillard and George Gibson, who were quite adept at using the sign language that was used to communicate between different Nations.

North American Indians had a brilliant solution to trade problems between tribes -- in addition to the oral language that each tribe spoke and there were hundreds of different languages they used a sign language that was common to the major tribes in a trading area. This is what Sacagawea was able to translate. Her husband, who initially told Lewis and Clark he was a translator and a lot of other things as well was unable to do any of the things he claimed to be proficient at, and was a real drag on the expedition.

Sacagawea not only spoke different native tongues but could translate native sign language. She also new how to live off of the land. Trending News. Simone Biles's departure puts pressure on Nike. Officials: Debris indicates sub with crew of 53 has sunk. Multimillionaire's son admits to fatal Lamborghini crash. Dog outruns sprinters in track and field race.

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Her husband, Charbanneau, spoke a little of the Hidatsa dialect enough to get by and French. Source s : Historical fascination with Sacagawea and Lewis and How to get t mobile discounts. Irene F Lv 5. She spoke Shoshone, Hidatsa, and probably French. Still have questions?

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Sacagaweas Early Life

Feb 08, They recognized the potential value of Sacagawea and Charbonneaus combined language skills. Most of the Corps members spoke only English, but one, Francois Labiche, spoke French as well. Because he did not speak Sacagaweas language and because the expedition party needed to communicate with the Shoshones to acquire horses to cross the mountains, the explorers agreed that the pregnant Sacagawea should also accompany them. On February 11, , she gave birth to . Sacagawea (/ ? s ? k ? d? ? ? w i? ? /; also Sakakawea or Sacajawea; May c. December 20, or April 9, ) was a Lemhi Shoshone woman who, at age 16, met and helped the Lewis and Clark Expedition in achieving their chartered mission objectives by exploring the Louisiana rutlib6.comwea traveled with the expedition thousands of miles from North Dakota to the Pacific.

The bilingual Shoshone woman Sacagawea c. Her skills as a translator were invaluable, as was her intimate knowledge of some difficult terrain. Perhaps most significant was her calming presence on both the expeditioners and the Native Americans they encountered, who might have otherwise been hostile to the strangers.

Remarkably, Sacagawea did it all while caring for the son she bore just two months before departing. Possibly the most memorialized woman in the United States with statues and monuments, Sacagawea lived a short but legendarily eventful life in the American West.

Born in or , a member of the Lemhi band of the Native American Shoshone tribe, Sacagawea grew up surrounded by the Rocky Mountains in the Salmon River region of what is now Idaho. The Shoshone were enemies of the gun-possessing Hidatsa tribe, who kidnapped Sacagawea during a buffalo hunt in In or , through a trade, gambling payoff or purchase, Sacagawea became the property of French-Canadian fur trader Toussaint Charbonneau, born no later than and well over two decades her senior.

Charbonneau had lived among Native Americans for so long he had adopted some of their traditions, including polygamy. Sacagawea became one of his two wives and was soon pregnant. Meanwhile, President Thomas Jefferson had made the Louisiana Purchase from France in , square miles of almost completely unexplored territory. Within this vast wilderness he hoped would lie the rumored Northwest Passage a waterway connecting the Atlantic and Pacific oceans.

But Jefferson wanted more from the explorers who would search for the passage: He charged them with surveying the natural landscape, learning about the varied Native American tribes and making maps. He turned to his secretary, Meriwether Lewis , to head the Corps of Discovery.

Lewis, 29, chose his friend and former military superior, year-old William Clark , as his co-captain. After more than a year of planning and initial travel, Lewis and Clark and their men reached the Hidatsa-Mandan settlementabout 60 miles northwest of present-day Bismarck, North Dakotaon November 2, , when Sacagawea was about six months pregnant. Charbonneau spoke French and Hidatsa; Sacagawea spoke Hidatsa and Shoshone two very different languages.

Through this translation chain, communications with the Shoshone would be possible, and Lewis and Clark recognized that as crucial: the Shoshone had horses they would need to purchase.

On April 7, Sacagawea, the baby and Charbonneau headed west with the 31 other Corps members. Within a month, a near-tragedy earned Sacagawea particular respect. The boat in which she was sailing nearly capsized when a squall hit and Charbonneau, the navigator, panicked. In appreciation, Lewis and Clark named a branch of the Missouri for Sacagawea several days later.

Clark, in particular, developed a close bond with Sacagawea as she and Baptiste would often accompany him as he took his turn walking the shore, checking for obstacles in the river that could damage the boats.

She could identify roots, plants and berries that were either edible or medicinal. This eased tensions that might otherwise have resulted in uncooperativeness at best, violence at worst.

After reaching the Pacific, Sacagawea returned with the rest of the Corps and her husband and sonhaving survived illness, flash floods, temperature extremes, food shortages, mosquito swarms and so much moreto their starting point, the Hidatsa-Mandan settlement, on August 14, Three years later, in fall , Sacagawea, Charbonneau and Baptiste ventured to St. Louis, where Charbonneau was taking the kind-hearted Clark up on an offer: Clark would provide the Charbonneau family with land to farm if the parents would agree to let Clark educate Baptiste.

Louis with Clarknow his godfatherin April so that they could join a fur-trading expedition. She died at 25, on December 22, , in lonely, cold Fort Manuel on a bluff 70 miles south of present-day Bismarck. Within a year, Clark became legal guardian to both Lisette and Baptiste. Charbonneau died in But if you see something that doesn't look right, click here to contact us!

Subscribe for fascinating stories connecting the past to the present. Years before Christopher Columbus stepped foot on what would come to be known as the Americas, the expansive territory was inhabited by Native Americans. Throughout the 16th and 17th centuries, as more explorers sought to colonize their land, Native Americans responded in various Sitting Bull c.

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As far as In fact, When the first European settlers arrived in the region around Narragansett Bay present-day Rhode Island around , they encountered a number of native peoples, including the Algonquian-speaking Narragansett.

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He firmly believed that all Indian tribes must settle their Geronimo was an Apache leader and medicine man best known for his fearlessness in resisting anyoneMexican or Americanwho attempted to remove his people from their tribal lands. He repeatedly evaded capture and life on a reservation, and during his final escape, a The Indian reservation system established tracts of land called reservations for Native Americans to live on as white settlers took over their land.

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Sacagawea Meets Lewis and Clark Meanwhile, President Thomas Jefferson had made the Louisiana Purchase from France in , square miles of almost completely unexplored territory. John Rolfe. Wounded Knee. Native American Cultures. Woodrow Wilson Addresses Native Americans.

Native American History Timeline Years before Christopher Columbus stepped foot on what would come to be known as the Americas, the expansive territory was inhabited by Native Americans. Sitting Bull Sitting Bull c. Pocahontas Pocahontas was a Native American woman born around Narragansett When the first European settlers arrived in the region around Narragansett Bay present-day Rhode Island around , they encountered a number of native peoples, including the Algonquian-speaking Narragansett.

Tecumseh Tecumseh was a Shawnee warrior chief who organized a Native American confederacy in an effort to create an autonomous Indian state and stop white settlement in the Northwest Territory modern-day Great Lakes region.

Geronimo Geronimo was an Apache leader and medicine man best known for his fearlessness in resisting anyoneMexican or Americanwho attempted to remove his people from their tribal lands. Indian Reservations The Indian reservation system established tracts of land called reservations for Native Americans to live on as white settlers took over their land.

4 Replies to “What languages did sacagawea speak and understand”

  1. After a busy day, just listening to this helped me unwind. Then I went back and read the commentary. Awesome stuff to.

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