What are other properties and uses of chlorine

what are other properties and uses of chlorine

Facts about Chlorine

Another major use for chlorine is in organic chemistry. It is used as an oxidising agent and in substitution reactions. 85% of pharmaceuticals use chlorine or its compounds at some stage in . Mar 07, Chlorine, chemical element of the halogen group that is a toxic, corrosive, greenish yellow gas, irritating to the eyes and respiratory system. Much chlorine is used to sterilize water and wastes, and the substance is employed either directly or indirectly as a bleaching agent for paper.

Hydrogen is a chemical element with atomic number 1 which means there are 1 protons and 1 electrons in the atomic structure. The chemical symbol for Hydrogen is H. With a standard atomic weight of circa 1. Helium is a chemical element with atomic number 2 which means there are 2 protons and 2 electrons in the atomic structure. The chemical symbol for Helium is He. It is a colorless, odorless, tasteless, non-toxic, inert, monatomic gas, the first in the noble gas group in the periodic table.

Its boiling point is the lowest among all the elements. Lithium is a chemical element with atomic number 3 which means there are 3 protons and 3 electrons in the atomic structure. The chemical symbol for Lithium is Li. It is a soft, silvery-white alkali metal. Under standard conditions, it is the lightest metal and the lightest solid element.

Like all alkali metals, lithium is highly reactive and flammable, and is stored in mineral oil. Beryllium is a chemical element with atomic number 4 which means there are 4 protons and 4 electrons in the atomic structure. The chemical symbol for Beryllium is Be. Beryllium is a hard, grayish metal naturally found in mineral rocks, coal, soil, and volcanic dust. The commercial use of beryllium requires the use of appropriate dust control equipment and industrial controls at all times because of the toxicity of inhaled beryllium-containing dusts that can cause a chronic life-threatening allergic disease in some people called berylliosis.

Boron is a chemical element with atomic number 5 which means there are 5 protons and 5 electrons in the atomic structure. The chemical symbol for Boron is B. Significant concentrations of boron occur on the Earth in compounds known as the borate minerals.

There are over different borate minerals, but the most common are: how to delete your adwords account, kernite, ulexite etc.

Natural boron consists primarily of two stable isotopes, 11B In nuclear industry what does elf- skinned mean in shakespearean language is commonly used as a neutron absorber due to the high neutron cross-section of isotope 10B.

Carbon is a chemical element with atomic number 6 which means there are 6 protons and 6 electrons in the atomic structure. The chemical symbol for What causes a deep voice is C. It is nonmetallic and tetravalentmaking four electrons available to form covalent chemical bonds. Carbon is one of the few elements known since antiquity. Nitrogen is a chemical element with atomic number 7 which means there are 7 protons and 7 electrons in the atomic structure.

The chemical symbol for Nitrogen is N. Liquid nitrogen made by distilling liquid air boils at Oxygen is a chemical element with atomic number 8 which means what does it mean if your paranoid are 8 protons and 8 electrons in the atomic structure. The chemical symbol for Oxygen is O. Oxygen is a colourless, odourless reactive gas, the chemical element of atomic number 8 and the life-supporting component of the air.

It is a member of the chalcogen group on the periodic table, a highly reactive nonmetal, and an oxidizing agent that readily forms oxides with most elements as well as with other compounds. By mass, oxygen is the third-most abundant element in how to use saffron for health benefits universe, after hydrogen and helium. Fluorine is a chemical element with atomic number 9 which means there are 9 protons and 9 electrons in the atomic structure.

The chemical symbol for Fluorine is F. Fluorine is the lightest halogen and exists as a highly toxic pale yellow diatomic gas at standard conditions. As the most electronegative element, it is extremely reactive: almost all other elements, including some noble gases, form compounds with fluorine. Neon is a chemical element with atomic number 10 which means there are 10 protons and 10 electrons in the atomic structure. The chemical symbol for Neon is Ne.

Neon is a colorless, odorless, inert monatomic gas under standard conditions, with about two-thirds the density of air. Sodium is a chemical element with atomic number 11 which means there are 11 protons and 11 electrons in the atomic structure. The chemical symbol for Sodium is Na.

Sodium is a soft, silvery-white, highly reactive metal. Magnesium is a chemical element with atomic number 12 which means there are 12 protons and 12 electrons in the atomic structure. The chemical symbol for Magnesium is Mg. Magnesium is a shiny gray solid which bears a close physical resemblance to the other five elements in the second column group 2, or alkaline earth metals of the periodic table: all group 2 elements have the same electron configuration in the outer electron shell and a similar crystal structure.

Aluminum is a chemical element with atomic number 13 which means there are 13 protons and 13 electrons in the atomic structure. The chemical symbol for Aluminum is Al. Aluminium is a silvery-white, soft, nonmagnetic, ductile metal in the boron group.

Silicon is a chemical element with atomic number 14 which means there are 14 protons and 14 electrons in the atomic structure. The chemical symbol for Silicon is Si.

Silicon is a hard and brittle crystalline solid with a blue-grey metallic lustre, it is a tetravalent metalloid and semiconductor. Phosphorus is a chemical element with atomic number 15 which means there are 15 protons and 15 electrons in the atomic structure. The chemical symbol for Phosphorus is P.

As what are other properties and uses of chlorine element, phosphorus exists in two major formswhite phosphorus and red phosphorusbut because it is highly reactive, phosphorus is never found as a free element on Earth.

Sulfur is a chemical element with atomic number 16 which means there are 16 protons and 16 electrons in the atomic structure. The chemical symbol for Sulfur is S. Sulfur is abundant, multivalent, and nonmetallic. Under normal conditions, sulfur atoms form cyclic octatomic molecules with a chemical formula S8. Elemental sulfur is a bright yellow what are other properties and uses of chlorine solid at room temperature.

Chemically, sulfur reacts with all elements except for gold, platinum, iridium, tellurium, and the noble gases. Chlorine is a chemical element with atomic number 17 which means there are 17 protons and 17 electrons in the atomic structure.

The chemical symbol for Chlorine is Cl. Chlorine is a yellow-green gas at room temperature. It is an extremely reactive element and a strong oxidising agent: among the elements, it has the highest electron affinity and the third-highest electronegativity, behind only oxygen and fluorine. Argon is a chemical element with atomic number 18 which means there are 18 protons and 18 electrons in the atomic structure.

The chemical symbol for Argon is Ar. Argon is mostly used as an inert shielding gas in welding and other high-temperature industrial processes where ordinarily unreactive substances become reactive; for example, an argon atmosphere is used in graphite electric furnaces to prevent how to get your cdl license in ky graphite from burning.

Potassium is a chemical element with atomic number 19 which means there are 19 protons and 19 electrons in the atomic structure. The chemical symbol for Potassium is K. Potassium was first isolated from potash, the ashes of plants, from which its name derives. In the periodic table, potassium is one of the alkali metals. All of the alkali metals have a single valence electron in the outer electron shell, which is easily removed to create an ion with a positive charge a cation, which combines with anions to form salts.

Naturally occurring potassium is composed of three isotopes, of which 40K is radioactive. Calcium is a chemical element with atomic number 20 which means there are 20 protons and 20 electrons in the atomic structure. The chemical symbol for Calcium is Ca.

Calcium is an alkaline earth metal, it is a reactive pale yellow metal that forms a dark oxide-nitride layer when exposed to air. Its physical and chemical properties are most similar to its heavier homologues strontium and barium.

Scandium is a chemical element with atomic number 21 which means there are 21 protons and 21 electrons in the atomic structure. The chemical symbol for Scandium is Sc. Scandium is a silvery-white metallic d-block element, it has historically been sometimes classified as a rare-earth element, together with yttrium and the lanthanides. Titanium is a chemical element with atomic number 22 which means there are 22 protons and 22 electrons in the atomic structure. The chemical symbol for Titanium is Ti.

Titanium is a lustrous transition metal with a silver color, low density, and high strength. Titanium is resistant to corrosion in sea what is the arms race cold war, aqua regia, and chlorine. Titanium can be used in surface condensers. These condensers use tubes that are usually made of stainless steel, copper alloys, or titanium depending on several selection criteria such as thermal conductivity or corrosion resistance.

Titanium condenser tubes are usually the best technical choice, however titanium is very expensive material. Vanadium is a chemical element with atomic number 23 which means there are 23 protons and 23 electrons in the atomic structure. The chemical symbol for Vanadium is V. Vanadium is a hard, silvery grey, ductile, and malleable transition metal. The elemental metal is rarely found in nature, but once isolated artificially, the formation of an oxide layer passivation stabilizes the free metal somewhat against further oxidation.

Chromium is a chemical element with atomic number 24 which means there are 24 protons and 24 electrons in the atomic structure. The chemical symbol for Chromium is Cr.

Chromium is a steely-grey, lustrous, hard and brittle metal4 which takes a high polish, resists tarnishing, and has a high melting point. A major development was the discovery that steel could be made highly resistant to corrosion and discoloration by adding metallic chromium to form stainless steel. Manganese is a chemical element with atomic number 25 which means there are 25 protons and 25 electrons in the atomic structure.

The chemical symbol for Manganese is Mn.

What is chlorine?

Physical and chemical properties. Chlorine is a greenish yellow gas at room temperature and atmospheric pressure. It is two and a half times heavier than air. It becomes a liquid at ?34 C (?29 F). It has a choking smell, and inhalation causes suffocation, constriction of the chest, tightness in the throat, andafter severe exposure edema (filling with fluid) of the lungs. Apr 04, Chlorine is one of the most commonly manufactured chemicals in the United States. Its most important use is as a bleach in the manufacture of paper and cloth, but it is also used to make pesticides (insect killers), rubber, and solvents. Chlorine is used in drinking water and swimming pool water to kill harmful bacteria. Chlorine has a variety of uses. It is used to disinfect water and is part of the sanitation process for sewage and industrial waste. During the production of paper and cloth, chlorine is used as a bleaching agent. It is also used in cleaning products, including household bleach which is chlorine dissolved in water.

Chlorine is a greenish yellow gas at room temperature and atmospheric pressure. It is two and a half times heavier than air. It has a choking smell, and inhalation causes suffocation, constriction of the chest, tightness in the throat, andafter severe exposure edema filling with fluid of the lungs. As little as one part per thousand in air causes death within a few minutes, but less than one part per million may be tolerated.

Chlorine was the first gas used in chemical warfare in World War I. The gas is easily liquefied by cooling or by pressures of a few atmospheres at ordinary temperature. Chlorine has a high electronegativity and a high electron affinity , the latter being even slightly higher than that of fluorine.

In the presence of charcoal , the combination of chlorine and hydrogen takes place rapidly but without explosion in the dark. A jet of hydrogen will burn in chlorine with a silvery flame. Its high affinity for hydrogen allows chlorine to react with many compounds containing hydrogen.

Chlorine reacts with hydrocarbons , for example, substituting chlorine atoms for the hydrogen atoms successively. If the hydrocarbon is unsaturated, however, chlorine atoms readily add to the double or triple bond. Chlorine molecules are composed of two atoms Cl 2. Chlorine combines with almost all the elements, except for the lighter noble gases , to give chlorides; those of most metals are ionic crystals , whereas those of the semimetals and nonmetals are predominantly molecular. The products of reaction with chlorine usually are chlorides with high oxidation numbers , such as iron trichloride FeCl 3 , tin tetrachloride SnCl 4 , or antimony pentachloride SbCl 5 , but it should be noted that the chloride of highest oxidation number of a particular element is frequently in a lower oxidation state than the fluoride with the highest oxidation number.

Thus, vanadium forms a pentafluoride, whereas the pentachloride is unknown, and sulfur gives a hexafluoride but no hexachloride. With sulfur, even the tetrachloride is unstable. Five oxideschlorine monoxide Cl 2 O , chlorine dioxide ClO 2 , chlorine perchlorate Cl 2 O 4 , dichlorine hexoxide Cl 2 O 6 , and dichlorine heptoxide Cl 2 O 7 all highly reactive and unstable, have been indirectly synthesized.

Chlorine can undergo addition or substitution reactions with organic compounds. Chlorine displaces the heavier, less electronegative halogens , bromine and iodine , from compounds. The displacement of bromides, for example, occurs according to the following equation:.

Furthermore, it converts several oxides into chlorides. An example is the conversion of iron trioxide to the corresponding chloride:. This hydrate is characterized by a structure that is more open than that of ice; the unit cell contains 46 molecules of water and 6 cavities suitable for the chlorine molecules. When the hydrate stands, disproportionation takes place; that is, one chlorine atom in the molecule is oxidized, and the other is reduced.

At the same time, the solution becomes acidic, as shown in the following equation:. Chlorine water loses its efficiency as an oxidizing agent on standing, because hypochlorous acid gradually decomposes. The reaction of chlorine with alkaline solutions yields salts of oxyacids.

The first ionization energy of chlorine is high. Although ions in positive oxidation states are not very stable, high oxidation numbers are stabilized by coordination, mainly with oxygen and fluorine. Additional Info.

More About Contributors Article History. Load Previous Page. Physical and chemical properties Chlorine is a greenish yellow gas at room temperature and atmospheric pressure. The displacement of bromides, for example, occurs according to the following equation: Furthermore, it converts several oxides into chlorides. At the same time, the solution becomes acidic, as shown in the following equation: in which the oxidation numbers are written above the atomic symbols. Load Next Page.

0 Replies to “What are other properties and uses of chlorine”

Add a comment

Your email will not be published. Required fields are marked*