How to give intramuscular injections in the arm

how to give intramuscular injections in the arm

How to Give an Intramuscular Injection

Mar 04,  · Hold the skin around where you will give the injection: With your free hand, gently press on and pull the skin so that it is slightly tight. Insert the needle into the muscle: Hold the syringe barrel tightly and use your wrist to inject the needle through the skin and into the muscle at a 90 degree angle. Giving Yourself an Intramuscular (IM) Injection in the Upper Arm. Your healthcare provider has prescribed a medicine that must be given by intramuscular (IM) injection. IM injections use a needle and syringe to send medicine to large muscles in your body.

This material must not be used for commercial purposes, or in any hospital or medical facility. Failure to comply may result in legal action. Medically reviewed by Drugs. Last updated on March 4, An intramuscular IM injection is a shot of thee given into a muscle. Certain medicines need to be given into the muscle for them to inejctions correctly. There how to find a list of local businesses 3 parts to a syringe: the needle, the barrel, and the plunger.

The needle goes into your muscle. The barrel holds the medicine and has markings on it like a ruler. The markings are in milliliters mL. The plunger is used to get medicine into and out of the syringe. It is important to dispose of your needles and syringes correctly. Do not throw needles into the trash. You may receive a hard plastic container made especially for used syringes and needles. You can also use a soda bottle or other plastic bottle with a screw lid.

Make sure that both the syringe and needle fit into the container easily and cannot break through the sides. Ask your healthcare provider or a pharmacist what your state or local requirements are for getting rid of used syringes and needles. Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.

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WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW:

the injection site. Recommended site: Deltoid muscle in the upper arm Use anatomical landmarks to determine the injection site. The deltoid muscle is a large, rounded, triangular shape. Find the acromion process, which is the bony point at the end of the shoulder. The injection site will be approximately 2 inches below the. Apr 02,  · Uncover the upper arm. This muscle forms an upside down triangle that starts at the bone going across the upper arm. The point of the triangle is at the level of the armpit. Put the injection in the center of the triangle of the muscle. This should be 1 to 2 inches ( to 5 . IM injection. site (shaded area) acromion process (bony prominence. above deltoid) level of armpit. elbow • Administration by the Intramuscular (IM) Route. Needle insertion. Use a needle long enough to reach deep into the muscle. Insert needle at a 90° angle to the skin with a quick thrust. (Before administering an injection ofFile Size: KB.

Some medicines need to be given into a muscle to work correctly. An IM injection is a shot of medicine given into a muscle intramuscular. Where you give the injection is very important. The medicine needs to go into muscle. You do not want to hit a nerve or a blood vessel. So show your health care provider how you will choose where you will put the needle, to make sure you can find a safe spot.

Use the other side of the body or another site. American Academy of Pediatrics website. Vaccine administration. Updated June Accessed November 2, Ogston-Tuck S. Intramuscular injection technique: an evidence-based approach. Nurs Stand. PMID: pubmed. Updated by: Linda J.

Editorial team. Giving an IM intramuscular injection. You will need: One alcohol wipe One sterile 2 x 2 gauze pad A new needle and syringe -- the needle needs to be long enough to get deep into the muscle A cotton ball.

Where to Give the Injection. Thigh: The thigh is a good place to give an injection to yourself or a child less than 3 years old. Look at the thigh, and imagine it in 3 equal parts. Put the injection in the middle of the thigh. Hip: The hip is a good place to give an injection to adults and children older than 7 months.

Have the person lie on the side. Put the heel of your hand where the thigh meets the buttocks. Your thumb should point to the person's groin and your fingers point to the person's head. Pull your first index finger away from the other fingers, forming a V. You may feel the edge of a bone at the tips of your first finger. Put the injection in the middle of the V between your first and middle finger. Upper arm: You can use the upper arm muscle if you can feel the muscle there.

If the person is very thin or the muscle is very small, do not use this site. Uncover the upper arm. This muscle forms an upside down triangle that starts at the bone going across the upper arm. The point of the triangle is at the level of the armpit. Put the injection in the center of the triangle of the muscle. This should be 1 to 2 inches 2.

Buttocks: DO NOT use this site for a child under 3 years old, because there is not enough muscle here yet. Measure this site carefully, because an injection given in the wrong place could hit a nerve or blood vessel.

Uncover one buttock. Imagine a line from the bottom of the buttocks to the top of the hip bone. Imagine another line from the top of the crack of the buttock to the side of the hip. These two lines form a box divided into 4 parts. Put the injection in the upper outer part of the buttocks, below the curved bone. How to Give the IM Injection.

To give an IM injection: Make sure you have the right amount of the right medicine in the syringe. Wash your hands well with soap and water. Dry them. Carefully find the spot where you will give the injection. Clean the skin at that spot with an alcohol wipe. Let it dry. Take the cap off the needle. Hold the muscle around the spot with your thumb and index finger. With a quick firm thrust, put the needle into the muscle straight up and down, at a 90 degree angle.

Push the medicine into the muscle. Pull the needle straight out. Press the spot with the cotton ball. How to get rid of Used Syringes and Needles. Put the syringe in the sharps container right away. It is not safe to put needles or syringes into the trash. If you do not get a hard plastic container for used syringes and needles, you may use a milk jug or coffee can with a lid.

The opening has to fit the syringe, and the container needs to be strong enough so a needle cannot break through. Ask your provider or pharmacist how to get rid of this container safely. When to Call the Doctor. Call right away if: After getting the injection the person: Gets a rash. Feels very itchy. Has trouble breathing shortness of breath. Has swelling of the mouth, lips, or face. Call the provider if: You have questions about how to give the injection.

After getting the injection, the person gets a fever or gets sick. A lump, bruise, or swelling at the injection site does not go away. Related MedlinePlus Health Topics. Browse the Encyclopedia.

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